By Diana Chandler
What is the alt-right movement?
Many Southern Baptists aren’t familiar with the term, Ethics & Religious Liberty Commission (ERLC) President Russell Moore said in the June 14 “The Weekly,” ERLC’s e-mail newsletter on news and opinion from the public square. Speaking from the floor of the annual meeting as a messenger from Grace Church in Nashville, Moore was among those encouraging adoption of the resolution condemning “the anti-Gospel of alt-right white supremacy.”
“What I point out is just how dangerous and present the alt-right is,” Moore said in “The Weekly.” “When people recognize what it is that the alt-right believes, … I haven’t talked to anyone who doesn’t immediately reject that.”
ERLC Communications Specialist Joe Carter offered five facts about alternative right white supremacy.
• The term “alt-right” was coined in 2008 to refer to those who believed the conservative political movement in America was not concerned enough about white identity and racialism, the idea that the human race can be easily divided into well-defined racial and genetic groups. Alt-righters believe in “race realism,” “human biodiversity,” and believe that whites are either genetically better than others or, if all races are equal, whites need to be preserved and protected.
In other words, alt-righters promote white supremacy, white nationalism, and other forms of racial separatism.
• The alt-right is not a single movement, but an umbrella term for a host of disparate nationalist and populist groups associated with the white identity cause and movement. Included are white supremacists including neo-Nazis, religious racialists including Kinists, neo-pagans of the Heathenry religious movement, internet trolls using the “4 chan” image board website and its “pol” politically incorrect board, and other groups enamored with white identity and racialism.
• White identity is the defining concept that unites the alt-right. The groups oppose non-white immigration, and interracial adoption and marriage that lead to what they call “white genocide,” defined as the replacement of the white race by other racial groups.
• The alt-right is characterized by three beliefs that while equally repugnant, Carter wrote, are not synonymous, namely white supremacy, white nationalism, and white identity.
White supremacy is the belief that lighter-skinned or “white” racial groups are superior to all other racial groups.
White nationalism is a political view that merges nationalism with white identity, Carter said, and supposes that other racial groups must be excluded or marginalized in order to preserve the white race. White nationalists believe in “white states” with majority-white populations and are frequently concerned with “white genocide.”
• The term alt-right was first used by former conservatives, but the movement itself is not a conservative movement, Carter said, quoting University of Alabama professor George Hawley.
• “The modal alt-right person is a male, white millennial; probably has a college degree or is in college; is secular and perhaps atheist and not interested in the conservative movement at all,” Carter quoted Hawley from a Washington Post article.
What puts the movement on the “right” is that it shares, along with conservatism, a skepticism of forced egalitarianism. But that’s generally all it shares with mainstream conservatism, Carter said.
“In fact, many on the alt-right hold views associated with progressivism (e.g., support for abortion and gay rights and opposition to free-market economics),” Carter wrote. “The confusion about the movement’s politics lies in thinking that extremist groups are on each “end” of the left — right political spectrum.
“It is more accurate to consider them through the lens of the horseshoe theory, a concept in political science that claims the far left and the far right, rather than being at opposite and opposing ends of a linear political continuum,” Carter said, “closely resemble one another, much like the ends of a horseshoe.”